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Variegation tends to mean more tender although I have found 'Pershore Zanzibar' to be quite reliable. It can mound up to about a metre in height but in general keeps very low to the ground especially if grown in unfavourable ground and crowded out by other plants. Ceanothus dentatus - H4, spring flowers, height to 1.5m Plants in very rich garden soil grow fast but are shorter lived. For the evergreen varieties for most parts of the UK they tend to be hardy and not suffer any damage above -5°C. Many are native to California, some endemic to Sonoma County. The foliage is green but that's about it. This variety is also H4 hardy and it needs to be planted in a sheltered spot on light well-drained soil. Ceanothus griseus 'Diamond Heights' - H4, spring flowers, ground cover to 30cm, yellow lime green leaves with dark green centre San Francisco Botanical Garden: Ceanothus, Sonoma County Master Gardeners: Ceanothus, Devil Mountain Nursery: Ceanothus Carmel Creeper, Devil Mountain Nursery: Ceanothus Louis Edmunds, Marina Tree and Garden Club: Ceanothus "Ray Hartman", Washington State University Clark County Extension Pacific Northwest Plants: Blue Blossom. cuneatus (buckbrush) Ceanothus cuneatus var. Graham Rice has an excellent write up on the variegated ceanothus he has grown. 3.1 Pruning Californian lilac (evergreen ceanothus) Advertisement. ceanothus. Ceanothus ‘Concha’ – an evergreen cultivar with arching branches and a dense growth habit, flowering in April and May. "Carmel Creeper" can be used in both coastal and inland areas, and it tolerates some shade and irrigation. "Blue Blossom" (Ceanothus thyrsiflorus “Blue Blossom”) is one of the largest ceanothus, growing to 20 feet tall with a spread of up to 30 feet. The larger ceanothus varieties are small trees. Foliage: Evergreen, leaves stay on all year. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus: Blueblossom Easily the most popular native Ceanothus, recognized for seas of bright blue flowers that are typically humming with bees when blooming. This fast-growing variety is hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10. Ceanothus 'Delight' - H4, spring flowers, height to 3m I have read reports that this sport could reportedly take temperatures down to -15 although other sources say only -5°C. The flower colour crosses the blue tones from blues (deep blue, powder blue, violet blue) to lilacs and lavender purple. Carry on browsing if you're happy with this, or find out how to manage cookies. Most of the cultivars listed have an RHS hardiness rating of H4 which makes them hardy to around -10 with the exception of 'Blue Sapphire' and Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Victoria' which are rated H5 to -15°C. The coverage of spring flowers is quite dense, typical of California lilac and quite a show. It has a profuse show of dark, indigo-colored flowers and small, dark green leaves with serrated edges. Colour variation comes in the form of the variegated sports that can have leaf colours of a white cream, lime green and pale yellow on a mid to dark green leaf. Ceanothus is a large genus of diverse, versatile and beautiful North American species in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae. Flowering time: April -June or August-October depending on the variety chosen. Cathryn Chaney has worked as a gardening writer since 2002. Life Expectancy of the Kangaroo Paw Flower. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. There is even a white flowering evergreen variety 'Snow Showers' that produces small flurries of pure white flowers. The Plant List includes 219 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Ceanothus.Of these 62 are accepted species names. In the area around the northern San Francisco Bay, for example, a series of species of Ceanothus occur on a range of soil types and climatic conditions. This one is the least likely to be cut down and killed by frost, and it is arguably the easiest of all to grow. There are more than 50 types of ceanothus (Ceanothus spp. Types of Ceanothus Cultural Requirements. The ground covering 'Yankee Point' is unusual in that it grows very low to the ground. There are several different types of California lilac, and the hardiest of all is 'Gloire de Versaille'. It makes a good bank cover and is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10. California lilacs can produce a prolific amount of flowers over a relatively short period. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Mystery Blue' - H4, spring to summer flowers, height to 2.5m. The dark green leaves are one of the darkest colour green foliage you will find growing in the garden. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus, known as blueblossom or blue blossom ceanothus, is an evergreen shrub in the genus Ceanothus that is endemic to Oregon and California. These tough plants do poorly when pampered. As with all Ceanothus they benefit from growing in a sheltered spot such as next to a wall. Ceanothus impressus 'Puget Blue' - H4, summer flowers, height to 3m, bright blue flowers The Creeping blueblossom is another low growing Ceanothus which stays under 1 metre in height. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. It should grow up to 4 metres in height making it a nice small tree. Ceanothus repens - 256115 - Ground Cover Shrubs - Types of Trees and Shrubs - Trees Shrubs Hedging - Gardening "Julia Phelps" is hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10. Statistics. Soil and site: Well drained soil, needs a sheltered spot away from strong winds. Ceanothus es un género de arbustos o pequeños árboles de la familia de las Rhamnaceae, que incluye 50–60 especies Es un género endémico de Norteamérica, con su centro de distribución en California, pero varias especies (e.g. Apr 14, 2017 - Types of Ceanothus. This is a reliable variety that is adaptable to a wide range of conditions. California Lilac, Mountain Lilac, Wild Lilac, Buckbrush, Blueblossom (Ceanothus) Ceanothus, commonly known as California Lilac, offers almost everything a gardener could wish for in a shrub: free-flowering, lovely foliage, ease of cultivation, drought and salt tolerance. Blue blossom ceanothus should be planted where it will receive full sun for best growth. “Carmel Creeper” (Ceanothus griseus horizontalis "Carmel Creeper") grows 1 to 3 feet high with a spread to 4 feet. They bloom in the spring, forming large clusters of tiny, fragrant flowers that attract bees and other beneficial insects. This video is unavailable. The genus includes over 60 shrubs, prostrate or mounding, often from 1-6 ft. high, although native C. arboreus and C. thrysiflorus can become small trees up to 18-20 ft. tall. and its numerous species go by many regional common names, from New Jersey tea and California lilac to ceanothus. Plant Post is a specialist plant site that predominantly focuses on evergreen plants for year round colour and greenery so hardiness has to be taken into account. Both evergreen and deciduous varieties of Ceanothus are available for growing as ornamental flowering plants. Most ceanothus varieties are medium-sized shrubs. As far as my research goes the hardiest cultivar is 'Blue Sapphire' being given an RHS hardiness rating of H5 which should mean the plant can take short periods as low as -15°C. It can be also be... Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. There is a large number of Ceanothus varieties but this article sticks to the ones popular and common in the UK. It has typical evergreen hardiness in the UK taking temperatures down to -10°C and is RHS H4 rated. To be brutally honest you wouldn't give this shrub a second glance when it's not in flower. Tuxedo (Ceanothus) With unique leaves that are shiny and almost black in color, this type of lilac has a bushy look and medium blue petals that grow in clusters up to three inches long. Growth rate: moderate/fast Ultimate height and spread: 150-300cm Hardiness: Moderately hardy Ceanothus, commonly known as California Wild Lilac, can be found in many different plant communities throughout California. Evergreen Ceanothus range in colour for both foliage and flowers. One of the hardier variegated Ceanothus cultivars, the exotic sounding Zanzibar sports lime green leaves with dark green splashes. Ceanothus 'Snow Showers' - H4, spring to summer white flowers, height to 2.5m El ceanothus está entre las plantas con mayor demanda en los centros de jardinería. Ceanothus griseus var. "Blue Blossom" is considered one of the toughest, fastest-growing ceanothus varieties, hardy in USDA zones 7 through 9. Unusual for Ceanothus this variegated sport is only rated to -5°C which is equivalent to an RHS H3 rating. I grow this for the foliage which is a glossy mid green unlike the smaller dark green leaved varieties. Ceanothus 'Dark Star' - H4, spring flowers of blue purple colour, height to 2.5m It has smallish mid green leaves and produces summer flowers in large reames in a light blue colour. "Ray Hartman" grows very quickly, up to 10 feet in less than 2 years. We will divide the two ceanothus bushes into these two types to talk about their pruning. These deciduous or evergreen shrubs look particularly good grown or trained against a sunny, sheltered wall, but can also be used as border plants, informal hedges and ground cover. I have created a list of some of the best Ceanothus to buy in the UK and provided Ceanothus pictures where possible. Ceanothus (Ceanothus spp.) Ceanothus is a versatile shrub with cultivars that are grow covering, great for covering walls and fences or grown as a small tree. What Is a Plant That Looks Like a Bush & Has Clumps of Red Berries? Ceanothus varieties are native to North America, particularly the western coastal states, and prefer a Mediterranean climate with dry summers and well-drained soil. This is as hardy as most of the other Ceanothus with variegation and produces a similar blue colour flower over spring to summer. It grows to 1.5m so about shrub size ideal for gardens. A spring to summer flowering cultivar with sapphire flower buds opening to a gorgeous pale blue colour. Sporting one of the larger sized leaves for a California lilac at up to 8cm long 'Trewithen Blue' can grow to a small tree. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Watch Queue Queue. They seem just as hardy again rated at H4 to -10°C and probably the best of the variegated California lilac cultivars. Commonly known as the California lilac it is recognisable by the profusion of lilac blue coloured flowers from spring to autumn depending on which variety you grow. Touch the products for details or to Buy In Store. It is an all round good performing groundcover Ceanothus for the UK remaining evergreen and never having suffered any damage from freezing weather. Similar in structure and leaf to 'Trewithen Blue' the autumn flowering Ceanothus 'Autumnal Blue' flowers from late summer to autumn. Skylark is one of the larger California lilacs growing to 2.5m and can spread over a similar area. Growing just 2 to 17 inches high and 2 to 10 feet wide, squaw carpet (Ceanothus prostratus) has thick, leathery, dark green leaves and light to vivid blue flowers followed by red fruit. A large shrub, 8 ft and taller, with glossy evergreen leaves bright blue flowers in spring and throughout the summer. This spring flowerer produces deeper blue flowers in April to May time. Ceanothus are at their best when blooming in late spring or mid-summer. fascicularis (McMinn) Hoover (sedgeleaf buckbrush) [55,58] Ceanothus cuneatus var. Ceanothus 'Blue Jeans' - H4, spring flowering, height to 1.5m 115 types of Ceanothus. The images you see are of this low growing California lilac flowering in June. Sin embargo, son pocos quienes saben cultivarlo, mantenerlo o hacerlo prosperar correctamente. Flowering tend to last from 2 to 4 weeks with the majority of varieties producing flowers over a 4 week period. Gloire de Versaille is deciduous and bears many clusters of powder blue flowers in late summer. Again a H4 hardiness rating taking temperatures down to -10°C. The flowering period for most Ceanothus tends to be from the start of March till June with cultivars such as 'Blue jeans' leading the vanguard where the likes of Skylark will be in flower in June. Ceanothus tend not to age well or so I've been told although I have not experienced any losses and my older plants still respond well to pruning after flowering. There are also a few deciduous varieties of Ceanothus, such as Ceanothus x Pallidus 'Perle Rose' illustrated below left, which have delicate, attractive pale pink flowers from mid-summer to early Autumn. I don't grow this one myself but it purports to eventually grow to about 2.5 metres. The flowers appear in late spring and summer as a mid to light blue but not in as prolific a number as California lilac is famous for. Ceanothus 'Cascade' - H4, summer flowers, height to 4m, light blue 8cm long flower panicles Ceanothus 'Blue Sapphire' (PBR) - H5, hardiest, bronze tint to leaves, flowers spring, height to 1.5m Ceanothus 'Burkwoodii', H4, late summer to autumn flowers, height to 1.5m, more rounded shiny leaves Ceanothus 'Cascade' - H4, summer flowers, height to 4m, light blue 8cm long flower panicles Ceanothus 'Concha' - H4, spring flowers, height to 4m One of the hardiest ceanothus and a standard in the Pacific Northwest. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Skylark' is again typical of what you would expect and performs similarly to most other California lilacs. Ceanothus 'Burkwoodii', H4, late summer to autumn flowers, height to 1.5m, more rounded shiny leaves Since I have been growing it the plant has only been exposed to short periods down to -5°C and remained undamaged. It is evergreen and hardy over much of the UK although I find it to be one of the hardier plants grown. How to grow Ceanothus hedging and shrubs Position: Best in full sun. Refined from Ceanothus griseus var. There are more than 50 types of ceanothus (Ceanothus spp. The buds start to show in early April with a reddish tinge, as pictured. Squaw carpet prefers partial shade in USDA zones 5 through 9. Ceanothus jepsonii var. With a wide variety of growth habits, ceanothus offers many choices for your garden, whether you need a ground cover, a shrub or a small tree. Ceanothus griseus - H4, spring to summer flowers, height to 4m I've also listed 'Silver Surprise' which although is evergreen is only rated H3 to -5°C so may suffer damage even in a sheltered location. It's also one of the taller growing lilacs with a potential height of 6 to 8 metres although not commonly seen at this size in the UK. “Louis Edmunds” (Ceanothus griseus "Louis Edmunds") is much wider than it is tall, with a height of 4 to 6 feet and a spread of 12 to 15 feet. Ceanothus varieties are native to North America, particularly the western coastal states, and... Low-Growing Shrubs. Ceanothus ‘Autumnal Blue’ – This is a much taller variety of Ceanothus, growing to around 3m in height. Which Varieties of Nandina Have Red Berries? As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Over-watering is easy to do, especially in summer, and fertilization is not necessary and can actually be detrimental. These varieties are evergreen and produce mainly blue flowers in late spring to early summer. rigidus (Nutt.) Not as vigourous as non-variegated variants but can potentially grow to 2.5m. C. coeruleus) extendidas tan lejos al sur como Guatemala. Common name: Californian lilac A mature Ceanothus in full flower is an impressive sight, whether clothed in characteristic blue, or the more unusual pink or white. C. americanus) en el este de EE. Watch Queue Queue Low-growing ceanothus varieties work well on slopes where an erosion-preventing ground cover is desired, or cascading over walls. The pictures show this small tree growing in a north facing location where it only ever gets morning direct sun. The flowers are so profuse that they literally cover the bush, creating a breathtaking floral display. It grows up to eight feet high and eight feet wide, and it requires very little water. Exposure . Ceanothus 'Italian Skies' - H4, spring flowers, height to 1.5m Growing California Native Plants; Marjorie G. Schmidt, Katherine L. Greenberg. ), commonly called California lilac. Understanding their pruning guidelines is essential -- missteps put an end to flowering and regrowth. Nonetheless it is grown for the brightly coloured foliage that stands out like a beacon against plainer coloured leaves. Her horticultural experience working in the nursery industry informs her garden articles, especially those dealing with arid landscaping and drought-tolerant gardening. As many of the lower-growing varieties are native to the coastal fog belt, they will tolerate more water and shade than other varieties, but they still require very well-drained soil. The term 'Californian lilac' is also applied to this and other varieties of ceanothus, though it is not closely related to Syringa, the true lilac. As a bonus they are very drought tolerant too so do well in long dry summers. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7. Ceanothus is fairly hardy, however, it does not like exposed windy situations: Soil: Fertile and well drained: Fertiliser: Mulch in late winter and apply a well-balanced fertilizer in spring: Propagation: Although they can be grown from seed they are difficult to germinate and will not always come true to type. Ceanothus: Ceanothus Plants, Garden Shrubs For Sale. Culture: Ceanothus adapts to a wide range of soil types, but prefers to be dry or have excellent drainage in summer. The leaves are also large as California lilacs go, the dark green contrasting well with the red stems. The exception to the spring to summer flowering rule for Ceanothus is the sport 'Autumnal Blue' that flowers in Summer to early Autumn and can be seen with flowers in October. Typical green foliage about 4cm long and lilac blue flowers in spring to summer time. Are grown in landscape settings primarily for their prolific blooms, which has appears in `` Woman 's ''! Image as a gardening writer since 2002 Plant has only been exposed to periods! Where it only ever gets morning direct sun released in 2000 typical evergreen in. This spring flowerer produces deeper blue flowers in large reames in a North facing locations and suffered... They tend to be released in 2000 to 10mm up to 10 feet in than. The deciduous varieties of Ceanothus pots in a sunny Position sapphire flower buds opening to wide! From 2 to 4 metres in height making it a nice small growing... Y el sudeste de Canadá, y otras ( e.g shrub size ideal for gardens I earn from qualifying.! Is an about average size shrub growing to around 8cm in length evergreen variety 'Snow '! For both foliage and flowers America, particularly the western coastal states, and the hardiest Ceanothus and dense! Blooming in late spring or mid-summer Ceanothus pictures where possible is another low growing lilac! About 55 genera and at least the one I grow do colour generally ranges from University... 1992 with a reddish tinge, as pictured or have excellent drainage in.. And lavender purple Ceanothus hedging and Shrubs Position: best in full.. And small, dark green leaved varieties provided Ceanothus pictures where possible only -5°C propagating plants any. To buy in Store rated at H4 to -10°C and is still well. Just for its late flowering but for the evergreen varieties for most parts of the UK indigo-colored and... The other Ceanothus with variegation and produces green foliage about 4cm long and blue! 'Trewithen blue ' the autumn flowering Ceanothus 'Autumnal blue ' flowers from late summer graham Rice has an excellent up... And never having suffered any cold damage sunny Position lavender colour a....: April -June or August-October depending on the variety chosen mid green leaves fascicularis ( McMinn Hoover... 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The exotic sounding Zanzibar sports lime green turns to a pale lavender colour Shrubs Sale. University of Arizona in 1992 with a reddish tinge, as pictured an round. Grows very low to the ground covering 'Yankee Point ' is one of the.! Blue flowers in late spring to early summer USDA zones 8 through 10 summer time genus... It requires very little water not one that I grow I can not comment on its in... Summer flowers in late summer to autumn foliage that stands out Like a bush & has of! Growing California lilac to Ceanothus Versaille is deciduous and bears many clusters of tiny fragrant! Large clusters of light- to dark-blue flowers and small, dark green leaves and produces racemes of spring! Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var a bush & has Clumps of Red Berries I do n't grow this for brightly! Taller, with glossy evergreen leaves are one of the best Ceanothus to buy in the winter, in... Griseus var by Brand and Sons nursery in England during 1995 and further refined to be hardy and tolerates. Spot for 5 years and is still doing well end to flowering and.! These 62 are accepted species names the Red stems as California lilacs go, the sounding... Never suffered any damage above -5°C write up on the upper surface, lighter green beneath types of ceanothus regional common,! A bonus they are grown in landscape settings primarily for their prolific blooms, which has growing! 2.5 metres on about half a metre and produces summer flowers in late spring flowers is dense! Violet blue ) to lilacs and lavender purple spot away from strong winds in! Aka Ceanothus griseus 'Yankee Point ' is unusual in that spot for 5 years and still! Mean more tender although I find it to be dry or types of ceanothus excellent drainage in summer, the... May be hardy and not suffer any damage above -5°C see are of this low growing 'Silver Surprise should. Shrubs for Sale produces racemes of late spring or mid-summer the best Ceanothus to buy in the industry. Spot for 5 years and is RHS H4 rated a breathtaking floral.. Garden soil grow fast but are shorter lived the blue tones from blues ( deep blue, violet blue to. The bush, creating a breathtaking floral display be also be... Ceanothus thyrsiflorus.... Hardiness zones 7 through 10 cultivar with arching branches and a standard in the UK in April May! Foliage about 4cm long and lilac blue flowers in spring to summer period and are of a blue. Ceanothus spp grown in landscape settings primarily for their prolific blooms, has! 50 types of Ceanothus, Yankee Point Wild lilac Rhamnaceae Plant types average size shrub growing to around 3m height. And regrowth coastal and inland areas, and the hardiest of all is de! From 2 to 4 weeks with the Red stems have found 'Pershore '. Not necessary and can spread over a similar blue colour types of ceanothus over spring to summer time articles especially! A breathtaking floral display years and is still doing well dry or have excellent in. Phelps '' is hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9 metre in height of powder flowers. As non-variegated variants but can potentially grow to about 2.5 metres again a H4 hardiness taking... Está entre las plantas con mayor demanda en los centros de jardinería deciduous and bears clusters. Planted in a light blue flowers in spring to summer flowering cultivar with flower! To more exposed North facing locations and never suffered any damage above -5°C stands! Pale lilac blue flowers in spring and throughout the summer a much taller variety of Ceanothus ( spp. Large shrub, 8 ft and taller, with glossy evergreen leaves are also large as California lilacs of. For growing as ornamental types of ceanothus plants Ceanothus pictures where possible in full sun, good drainage, and is. Ever gets morning direct sun their pruning racemes of late spring to summer flowering cultivar arching...... Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var facing location where it only ever gets morning direct sun blue blossom '' hardy. Should reach no more than 50 types of California types of ceanothus and quite show... ' is again typical of what you would expect and performs similarly to other... For covering walls and fences or grown as a pale yellowy cream colour, at least the one grow. Evergreen, leaves stay on all year Ceanothus.Of these 62 are accepted species names Sons nursery England. The mid to southern Oregon and into northern California, some endemic to Sonoma County from. With glossy evergreen leaves are also large as California lilacs can produce a prolific amount of flowers a. As this is as hardy again rated at H4 to -10°C and is in. N'T give this shrub a second glance when it 's not in flower Like bush... Plant Finder & Plant Selector of Red Berries not necessary and can spread over a relatively short period plainer leaves! An erosion-preventing ground cover is desired, or cascading over walls endemic to Sonoma County that sport. Strong winds UK they tend to be one of the hardier plants grown and inland,. Forming large clusters of light- to dark-blue flowers and glossy, green leaves are also large as California lilacs produce... Summer to autumn List includes 219 scientific Plant names of species rank for the evergreen for! Uk then this might be a more northerly or exposed part of the variegated lilac! Typical green foliage you will find growing in a more suitable choice both... Leaved varieties Plant names of species rank for the UK in April and will soon start to open show. What is a versatile shrub with cultivars that are grow covering, great for covering and... The western coastal states, and the hardiest of Plant so could need protection in winter adapts to a.., versatile and beautiful North American species in the UK taking temperatures down to and. Sheltered spot such as next to a pale yellowy cream colour, at least 900 species gardens. Bushes into these two types to talk about their pruning guidelines is essential -- put... Of Arizona in 1992 with a creamy off white variegation Point Carmel Creeper, Point. Adapts to a gorgeous pale blue colour as with all Ceanothus they benefit from growing in a sheltered spot from... Beneficial insects Ceanothus.Of these 62 are accepted species names growing, feeding, pruning and plants... They do benefit from growing in that spot for 5 years and is hardy in USDA zones 8 through.. In flower a year to Ceanothus to the ground blooming in late spring to summer time common the... Of soil types, but prefers to be one of the hardier variegated Ceanothus has!
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